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埃隆马斯克加倍努力结束“补贴”,因为竞争对手现在获得了更多利益

  发表于 Dec 9, 2021 01:43:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
埃隆马斯克将电动汽车描述为应对气候变化的关键,他说他认为这可能导致比历史上所有战争加起来更多的流离失所和破坏。所以你可能认为他会支持联邦政府资助电动汽车充电站。

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但事实并非如此,至少现在是这样。周一,有时好斗的马斯克在《华尔街日报》的 CEO 峰会上发表讲话,建议取消拜登的基础设施一揽子计划。马斯克表示,特斯拉不需要为电动汽车提供 7,500 美元的税收抵免,后者为购买插电式电动汽车的个人提供高达该数额的税收抵免,以推动对其车辆的需求。他还称联邦对充电基础设施的支持是不必要的。

“我们需要加油站的支持吗?我们不需要,”马斯克说。 “不需要支持充电网络。我会删除它。删除。”

今天,美国大约有 45,000 个充电站。基础设施法案为充电基础设施拨款 75 亿美元,拜登政府希望这将实现其 50 万个充电站的目标。特斯拉在美国的充电站目前只能供特斯拉汽车使用。该公司表示将向所有汽车制造商开放它们,但非特斯拉车主可能需要购买一个适配器,因为特斯拉使用不同的插头。对于非特斯拉车主来说,新的充电站可能会立即变得更容易访问和负担得起。

这些评论是一种转变,因为马斯克的公司此前已经接受了政府支出。

特斯拉于 2010 1 月从能源部获得了 4.65 亿美元的贷款,并于当年夏天首次公开募股。特斯拉还受益于向其他汽车制造商出售监管信用,这有助于其盈利。许多州政府要求汽车制造商销售一些零排放汽车。不符合要求的汽车制造商可以从特斯拉购买积分,因为它只销售电动汽车,因此有盈余。这些政府计划旨在鼓励向电动汽车过渡。

内华达州向特斯拉提供了 13 亿美元的补贴,用于在内华达州斯帕克斯建造“超级工厂”,在那里生产电池。

但特斯拉已经从一家未经证实的初创公司成长为世界上最有价值的汽车制造商,一家价值数万亿美元的公司,由世界首富经营,2670 亿美元的财富主要来自他的股权。今天的特斯拉可能比任何人都更有能力在公平的竞争环境中竞争。特斯拉在全球拥有超过 30,000 个快速充电站。尽管特斯拉今年提高了价格,但它的车辆非常受欢迎,以至于一些现有的车型都被延期到明年夏天。

特斯拉在很多方面都是美国的成功故事,但今年夏天拜登政府在白宫举行的电动汽车峰会上并未将特斯拉包括在内。特斯拉在美国销售大部分电动汽车。

特斯拉和拜登政府在工会劳工问题上存在分歧。拜登支持工会劳工,称其为中产阶级的创造者。特斯拉不依赖工会工人,尽管马斯克声称,平均而言,他的工人可能比通用汽车的工会工人赚更多的钱。特斯拉的工人安全记录有时被批评为比其他汽车制造业差,后者通常使用工会劳工。特斯拉去年表示,其生产的每辆车的受伤率比 2019 年下降了 50%。

拜登在众议院通过的“重建更好”立法为工会劳工制造的电动汽车提供了 4,500 美元的额外补贴。特斯拉将没有资格获得这些补贴。

虽然特斯拉和马斯克过去接受过政府补贴,但他也批评过补贴,有时还呼吁取消所有补贴。

“特斯拉一直认为应该取消所有补贴,但这必须包括对石油和天然气的巨额补贴,”马斯克上个月在推特上写道。

根据联合国的数据,全世界花费 4230 亿美元用于补贴化石燃料。美国每年的补贴约为 200 亿美元。

尽管马斯克呼吁取消基础设施法案,但他确实表示他觉得美国需要更好的机场和高速公路。他没有解释他们应该如何获得资金。

通常不与专业新闻媒体接触的特斯拉没有回应置评请求。

Elon Musk doubles down on ending 'subsidies' as competitors now reap more benefits

Washington, DC (CNN Business)Elon Musk has described electric cars as critical to fighting climate change, which he's said he believes could cause more displacement and destruction than all the wars in history combined. So you might think he'd support the federal government funding electric vehicle charging stations.

But that's not the case, at least right now. A sometimes combative Musk spoke at the Wall Street Journal's CEO Summit Monday and suggested scrapping the Biden infrastructure package. Musk said that Tesla didn't need the $7,500 tax credit for electric vehicles, which provides a tax credit of up to that amount to individuals purchasing plug-in electric vehicles, to drive demand for its vehicles. He also called federal support for charging infrastructure unnecessary.

"Do we need support for gas stations? We don't," Musk said. "There's no need for support for a charging network. I would delete it. Delete."

Today there are about 45,000 charging stations in the US. The infrastructure bill allocates $7.5 billion for charging infrastructure, which the Biden administration hopes will reach its goal of 500,000 charging stations. Tesla's charging stations in the US can currently only be used by Tesla vehicles. The company has said it will open them to all automakers, but non-Tesla owners will likely need to purchase an adapter, as Tesla uses a distinct plug. New charging stations will likely be immediately more accessible and affordable for non-Tesla owners.

The comments are a shift, as Musk's companies have previously embraced government spending.

Tesla received a $465 million loan from the Department of Energy in January 2010, before its initial public offering that summer. Tesla also benefits from selling regulatory credits to other automakers, which help it be profitable. Many state governments require automakers to sell some zero emission vehicles. Automakers that don't meet the requirements can purchase credits from Tesla, which has a surplus given that it only sells electric vehicles. These government programs are designed to encourage the transition to electric vehicles.

And Nevada gave Tesla $1.3 billion in subsidies to build its "Gigafactory," where it makes batteries, in Sparks, Nevada.

But Tesla has grown from an unproven startup to the world's most valuable automaker, a trillion-dollar company run by the world's richest man, with a fortune of $267 billion largely derived from his ownership stake. Tesla today may be better positioned than anyone to compete on a level playing field. Tesla has more than 30,000 fast-charging stations worldwide. Its vehicles are so popular that some current vehicle models are backordered until next summer, despite Tesla raising prices this year.

Tesla is in many ways an American success story, but it wasn't included when the Biden Administration held an electric vehicle summit at the White House this summer. Tesla sells most of the electric vehicles in the United States.

Tesla and the Biden administration disagree on union labor. Biden supports union labor, calling it the creator of the middle class. Tesla doesn't rely on union workers, although Musk has claimed that on average his workers may make more money than the unionized workers at General Motors. Tesla's worker safety record has at times been criticized as being worse than the rest of the auto manufacturing industry, which generally uses union labor. Tesla said last year that its injury rate per vehicle produced had fallen by 50% from 2019.

Biden's Build Back Better legislation that passed in the House gives $4,500 in additional subsidy to electric vehicles that are made by union labor. Tesla won't qualify for those subsidies.

While Tesla and Musk have accepted government subsides in the past, he's also criticized subsidies, and at times called for getting rid of all of them.

"It has always been Tesla's view that all subsidies should be eliminated, but that must include the massive subsidies for oil & gas," Musk tweeted last month.

The world spends $423 billion subsidizing fossil fuels, according to the United Nations. US subsidies are roughly $20 billion a year.

Musk, despite his call for scrapping the infrastructure bill, did say he felt America needed better airports and highways. He didn't explain how they should be funded.

Tesla, which generally does not engage with the professional news media, did not respond to a request for comment.

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