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日常生活中常见的形容词及形容词使用说明

  发表于 Mar 18, 2022 03:10:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The Position of Adjectives in a Sentence

An attribute adjective is placed before the noun it is modifying. 属性形容词放在它所修饰的名词之前。

例句:

She is a pretty girl.

This is my green dress.

Today, we will have heavy rain.

Ants have tiny legs.

It is a hot day.

You can also have a predicative adjective which is placed after the noun which it is modifying. Here are some examples to demonstrate this. 你也可以有一个表语形容词,放在它所修饰的名词之后。 这里有一些例子来证明这一点。

This sandwich is tasty.

The boy is tall.

My cats eyes are yellow.

The cake is not healthy.

My daughter is beautiful.

有时我们在某些动词之后放置一个形容词来修饰它们。 这并不适用于所有动词,所以让我们看一些可以用形容词修饰的动词示例。 值得注意的是,用形容词修饰动词时,动词要在形容词之前,反之则不正确。 以下动词可以用形容词修饰。

appear

become

go

get

turn

feel

keep

例句:

I feel amazing after my spa day.

He has become lazy having not had a job for weeks.

The dog appears aggressive.

You can also use an adjective after the verbs to smell, to taste, to sound and to look.  你也可以在动词之后使用形容词来嗅、尝、听和看。

例句:

That pizza tastes fantastic.

The music sounds good.

It looks stunning.

That smells awful.

Comparison of Adjectives 形容词的比较级

Positive 原级

It is an ordinary form of adjectives. We use the positive degree when referencing a single person, thing, or place. 它是形容词的一种普通形式。 当引用单个人、事物或地点时,我们使用原级。

A positive adjective is used to describe something without making any sort of comparison to anything else.用于描述某事,而不与其他任何事物进行任何比较。

Examples 例句:

I am kind.

This is a great movie.

The boy is smart.

The small girl likes cake.

Loki knows that he's tall.

Comparative 比较级

A comparative adjective is used in order to compare two things, it is quite often followed by the word than, you can see this in the following examples. “I am nicer than him.” or “This movie is better than the first one.” 比较形容词用于比较两件事,它后面经常跟比这个词,你可以在下面的例子中看到这一点。 “我比他好。” 或“这部电影比第一部好。”

When we describe two items or two individuals we use the comparative degree. Usually, we add the suffix -er to an adjective to produce this form. By adding -er to the word tall we get the comparative taller. If an adjective ends in y we must replace it with i before adding the suffix -er.

当我们描述两个项目或两个人时,我们使用比较度。 通常,我们将后缀 -er 添加到形容词以产生这种形式。 通过将 -er 添加到高这个词,我们得到比较高。 如果形容词以 y 结尾,我们必须在添加后缀 -er 之前将其替换为 i。

In addition, more placed in front of a descriptive word creates the comparative form.

Examples 例句:

Fred's party was more fun than Suzi's.

She is smarter than she thinks.

Balto is taller than Merida.

Superlative 最高级

Indicates that the quality or quantity is at its highest or is most intense. A superlative adjective is used as a way of comparing more than two things and as a way to say that the thing you are talking about is the ‘most', you might notice this in the following examples. “I am the nicest of all the students.” or “This is the best movie out of the entire series.”

表示质量或数量处于最高或最强烈的状态。 最高级形容词用于比较两个以上的事物,并表示您正在谈论的事物是“最”的,您可能会在以下示例中注意到这一点。 “我是所有学生中最好的。” 或“这是整个系列中最好的电影。”

We use the superlative degree when comparing three or more things. Adjectives in this form have the -est ending added to them. If an adjective ends in the letter y, it changes to i before adding the suffix. Like with the comparative degree, we can create the superlative degree by adding the word most.

在比较三个或更多事物时,我们使用最高级。 这种形式的形容词添加了 -est 词尾。 如果形容词以字母 y 结尾,它会在添加后缀之前变为 i。 与比较级一样,我们可以通过添加单词 most 来创建最高级。

Examples 例句:

She is the smartest girl in the school.

Robbi is the tallest when compared to his friends.

She is more fun than the whole team combined.

Multipart Adjectives 多个形容词

Coordinate Adjectives 对等形容词

Two adjectives of equal weight constitute coordinate adjectives. We separate them with a comma. 两个同等权重的形容词构成并列形容词。 我们用逗号分隔它们。

例句:

The girl had a vibrant, gorgeous smile.

Cumulative Adjectives 累积形容词

A cumulative adjective has two adjectives that build upon each other. There order only works one-way to create meaning. These adjectives cannot have the word and separate them. 累积形容词不可用逗号或别的单词分开。

例句:

The sickly sweet smile scared everyone.

Compound Adjectives 复合形容词

Compound adjectives in this category consist of at least two hyphenated words.

复合形容词由连字符连接。

例句:

She loved her six-foot snake.

常见的形容词:

Taste

Delicious

Bland

Bitter

Sweet

Tasty

Touch

Soft

Windy

Oily

Smooth

Cold

Sound

Noisy

Whispering

Shrill

Silent

Hissing

Size

Gigantic

Huge

Minute

Tiny

Wee

Shape

Narrow

Hollow

Straight

Rotund

Crooked

Time

Late

Old

Slow

Speedy

Daily

Amount

Lots

Many

Ample

Sparse

Enough

Emotion

Excited

Amused

Kind

Grumpy

Boring

Personality

Generous

Happy

Smart

Sassy

Jaunty

Appearance

Attractive

Fat

Spotless

Confident

Plain

Situation

Nasty

Aromatic

Illegal

Rainy

Worse

Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING

Learn the difference between adjectives ending in -ED and -ING with useful rules and examples.

通过有用的规则和示例了解以 -ED -ING 结尾的形容词之间的区别。

List of adjectives ending in -ED and -ING

Amazing Amazed

Amusing Amused

Annoying Annoyed

Boring Bored

Disgusting Disgusted

Disturbing Disturbed

Embarrassing Embarrassed

Entertaining Entertained

Exciting Excited

Fascinating Fascinated

Frightening Frightened

Frustrating Frustrated

Inspiring Inspired

Interesting Interested

Pleasing Pleased

Relaxing Relaxed

Surprising Surprised

Terrifying Terrified

Threatening Threatened

Thrilling Thrilled

Worrying Worried

ing 是形容事物的。

ed 是形容人的。

Adjective Suffixes 形容词后缀

Common adjective suffixes in English

-al, -ial, -ical

-able, -ible

-an, -ian

-ary

-full

-ic

-ive

-ish

-less

-like

-y

-ous, -ose

-ant, -ent

-ile

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