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过去现在时介绍和例句,让大家更容易的认识过去现在时

  发表于 Mar 28, 2022 04:52:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
过去现在时用来描述过去想的、说的、感觉到的、保证的、计划的,将来做的事情。

Like simple future, future in the past has two different forms in English: would and was going to. Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two different meanings.

像一般将来时一样,过去将来时在英语中有两种不同的形式: would was going to 虽然这两种形式有时可以互换使用,但它们往往表达两种不同的含义。

格式(FORM) Would

[ would + 动词(VERB)]

例句 Examples:

I knew you would help him.

I knew you would not help him.

格式(FORM) Was / Were Going To

[ was / were + going to + 动词(VERB)]

例句 Examples:

I knew you were going to go to the party.

I knew you were not going to go to the party.

Would ”用于志愿或承诺,“ was going to ”用于计划。

此外,这两种形式都可以用来预测未来。

例句 Examples:

计划 plan

I told you he was going to come to the party.

Jane said Sam was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone.

自愿行动 voluntary action

I knew Julie would make dinner.

预言 prediction

I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster.

承诺 promise

He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt.

记住没有未来的时间条件(REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses)

Like all future forms, future in the past cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of using future in the past, you must use simple past.

像所有将来时形式一样,过去将来时( Future in past )不能用于以时间表达式开头的从句中,例如:when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless 等。你必须使用一般过去时,而不是使用过去将来时( Future in past )。

Examples:

不正确 I already told Mark that when he would arrive, we would go out for dinner.

正确的 I already told Mark that when he arrived, we would go out for dinner.

主动(Active)和被动(Passive)

Examples:

主动(Active) I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.

被动(Passive) I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.

主动(Active) I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner.

被动(Passive) I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally.

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